As we age, our skin changes. We can see these changes in the form of wrinkles, fine lines, and a loss of elasticity. While we can’t stop the aging process, there are things we can do to slow it down and minimize the signs of aging. In this blog post, we will discuss the top three skin aging treatments: retinoids, alpha hydroxy acids, and antioxidants.
Retinoids: Retinoids are derivatives of Vitamin A. They work by increasing cell turnover and stimulating collagen production. Retinoids can be found in both over-the-counter products and prescription medications. Retinol is the most common type of retinoid found in over-the-counter products. It is less potent than prescription medications but can still be effective in treating the signs of aging.
Alpha Hydroxy Acids: Alpha hydroxy acids are found naturally in fruit juices and sugars. They work by exfoliating the top layer of skin cells to reveal the brighter, smoother skin underneath. Glycolic acid and lactic acid are two common types of alpha hydroxy acids. Glycolic acid is derived from sugar cane and is the smallest molecule of all the alpha hydroxy acids, which makes it more penetrate the skin more deeply. Lactic acid is derived from milk and is milder than glycolic acid, making it a good choice for people with sensitive skin.
Antioxidants: Antioxidants protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals are unstable molecules that cause oxidative stress and lead to inflammation. This inflammation can break down collagen and elastin, resulting in sagging skin and wrinkles. Common antioxidants include vitamins C, E, and A (retinoids). Green tea is also a potent antioxidant.
If you are looking to treat the signs of aging, consider incorporating one or more of these treatments into your skincare routine: retinoids, alpha hydroxy acids, or antioxidants. All three have been shown to be effective in reducing the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, and other signs of aging skin. Talk to your dermatologist about which treatment would be best for you based on your individual needs and goals. Thanks for reading!